The Role of Education in Advancing Green Jobs

Indonesia has abundant natural resources and a diverse range of ecosystems. However, rapid industrialization and urbanization have triggered environmental deterioration and contributed to climate change. Given this situation, the Indonesian government recognizes the urgency of promoting green jobs in various sectors, from clean energy to environmental conservation by promoting education and training programs to equip the Indonesian workforce with the skills needed for green jobs.

What is Green Job? 

According to The National Occupation Map of Green Jobs within the framework of the Indonesian National Qualification Framework (KKNI), a green job refers to roles that focus on preserving or restoring the environment and promoting decent work through one or more of the following mechanisms: by having specific tasks, requiring specific skills, for the application of environmentally friendly processes and/or production of environmentally friendly outputs (products/services). In this case, green jobs are expected to grow significantly in the upcoming years – which highlights the importance for countries like Indonesia to prepare their workforce for new opportunities in green industry based on United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). The creation of green jobs marks a commitment to sustainability, as they contribute to environmental protection while addressing the pressing issue of unemployment. 

Indonesia’s unique position as a developing nation with incredible natural resources presents a compelling case for the promotion of green jobs. With the right approach, Indonesia can lead the way in building an economy that combines sustainability and economic growth. The government has launched various initiatives aimed at bringing these visions to life. Key among these initiatives are education and training programs that aim to equip the Indonesian workforce with the skills needed to secure green jobs. By ensuring that the country’s labor force is well-prepared for the burgeoning green job market, these programs are pivotal in ushering in a sustainable, prosperous, and environmentally responsible future. 

In this context, education emerges as a proficient instrument for societal transformation, unlocking numerous opportunities, especially in the realm of sustainable development. It plays a pivotal role in advancing sustainability and encouraging opportunities in the green sector, essentially preparing the future workforce for a more prosperous and environmentally responsible world. 

According to various studies, such as “Skills for a Sustainable World – Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns, and Prospects,” by 2030, around 100 million green jobs are anticipated globally which makes up about 2% of the total global workforce. Out of these, 50 million green jobs are expected to emerge in the Asia-Pacific region. Given the region’s rapid rise in emissions impacting climate, the growth of green jobs in Asia, including Indonesia, is significant and it is expected to continue to increase in the coming years. 

Green Jobs and Education

The surge in green job opportunities is where the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) program comes into play. Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) program is a type of education and training that focuses on providing individuals with the practical skills and knowledge needed to perform specific jobs or trades. These programs aim to supply individuals with the practical competencies required for targeted employment. By fostering the growth of TVET programs, countries can cultivate a highly skilled workforce tailored to meet the dynamic demands of the economy and industry, including the increasing need for green skills. Therefore, TVET substantially contributes to inclusive growth of green jobs, and the transformation of economies in line with emerging climate change and industry needs. 

In essence, Indonesia seems to be committed to shaping a skilled workforce responsive to the needs of industry and the expanding green economy. The promotion of green jobs, facilitated by education, is vital in cultivating green skills among individuals of various educational backgrounds. This commitment is vital in cultivating green skills among individuals of different educational backgrounds, ensuring they are well-equipped for the green job market. 

The role of education in this transformation cannot be overstated. Education is the bridge that connects the present to a sustainable future and empowers individuals to take action and learn the values and knowledge necessary to address the climate challenges. By continuing to improve and launch accessible education and training programs, Indonesia can open up even more opportunities for its workforce to contribute to green industries. 

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  4. United Nations Environment Programme. (2018). Green Jobs: Towards Sustainable Work in a Low-Carbon World. Retrieved from
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  7. UNESCO-UNEVOC. (2009). Technology and Vocational Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from

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